July 5, 2019

Sectoral Resection Of Breast Cancer

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Breast cancer (BC) is an extremely common disease, the causes of which are well studied. According to the WHO, the total morbidity with of all types of breast cancer is 25% of all female cancer diseases.

Breast cancer (BC) is an extremely common disease, the causes of which are well studied. According to the WHO, the total morbidity with of all types of breast cancer is 25% of all female cancer diseases.

Heredity plays a large role in the emergence of a dangerous disease, so patients with an unfavorable family history are at high risk.

Predisposing factors are also obesity, hormonal imbalance, organ trauma, old age, the bad condition of the immune system.

Many forms of the disease respond well to treatment at their early stages, so mammography has great importance for women over 35 years old. The best prevention of breast cancer is a healthy lifestyle, sports, high-quality nutrition, lack of stress, well-chosen underwear.

Breast Cancer Symptoms

Symptoms of BC can manifest themselves in different forms, depending on the form and stage of the tumor process. There is an urgent need to register an appointment with a doctor in such cases:
● development of nodules under the skin;
● changed breast shape;
● red areas of skin;
● secretions from the nipples.

In the initial stages of BC there is no pain, so you should carefully monitor the slightest changes.
There are four classified stages of breast cancer with taking into account zero cycle characterized by minimal tissue damage and the absence of the fully formed tumor lesion.

Stages of Breast Cancer

The main stages are: 

1. New growth up to 2 cm in diameter.
2. Growth from 2 to 5 cm in diameter, possible spread of the process to the nearest lymph nodes.
3. The affection of the nearest and distant lymph nodes, the size of the tumor exceeds 5 cm.
4. The process has spread to other organs and tissues, the patient has signs of severe intoxication.

The prognosis of treatment depends not only on the stage of the cancer, but also on its type (there are highly aggressive and moderately aggressive forms of the disease).

According to the histological classification of tumors, there are two types of cancer, namely highly differentiated and low-differentiated cancers. In the first case, the cure is more favorable.

In case of the non-invasive process a tumor does not affect the surrounding tissue for a long time, whereas the invasive one spreads rapidly by affecting the nearest organs and lymph nodes.

The rapidly progressing types of breast cancer include:
● Hypothyroid. It is mostly diagnosed in young women up to 35 years. Patients with endocrine diseases, obesity are at high risk of disease. The disease is rapidly developing by forming metastasis in all organs.
● Ovary. It develops with appendage dysfunction, very often occurs due to the ovarian cysts, during the postpartum period. Like hypothyroid cancer, the disease is characterized by high aggressiveness and rapid development.
● Hypertension-adrenal cancer develops after the age of 48–65 years when the level of cortisol is too high. The pathology is as dangerous as the previous two.
● Tumors during pregnancy and lactation are the result of strong hormonal changes. They develop rapidly and require urgent treatment.

Types of Treatment
Like all cancers, breast cancer is treated according to this complex scheme:
● surgery;
● chemotherapy;
● postoperative radiotherapy;
● hormonal therapy;
● immunotherapy.

The main strategy is the removal of the tumor and the affected lymph nodes, destruction of residual cancer cells with the help of medicines and radiation.

The selection of the surgical technique depends on the form and stage of cancer. Today, along with radical mastectomy, doctors widely use sector resection, in the course of which they remove the tumor mass, part of the mammary gland (one quarter of the organ) and axillary lymph nodes.
The use of sectoral resection provides a high percentage of successful treatment and allows for the achievement of an acceptable aesthetic result.

For example, German hospitals offer the simultaneous remodeling (reconstruction) of the mammary gland or planned plastic surgery in the long-term period, with a persistent absence of relapses

Individual Treatment Programs for Breast Cancer
The bookinghealth.com service will help ease the selection of a medical center abroad, which treats cancer on the basis of the individually developed schemes. Therapeutic programs are compiled on the received diagnostic data from leading oncologists and doctors of related specialties. This approach leads to high chances of cure and reduction of the recovery period.

Sectoral resection relieves women from severe stress, which favorably affects the psychological condition of the patient in the postoperative period.

Attentive staff and comfortable living conditions in the hospitals are the additional benefits of treatment abroad.

The average cost of the operation is 6,000 euros, a course of chemotherapy costs 8,000 euros, while the price of radiation therapy reaches 10,000 euros. The prices are approximate, in different hospitals of the same country they vary in a wide range. The cost of treatment can be influenced by the stage and form of the disease, the types of surgical techniques used, the number of additional medical services selected by the patient in the postoperative period.

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